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ARCHEOLOGY OF THE FORMATIVE PERIOD IN ARGENTINA: A MEETING TO INTEGRATE AREAS AND SUB-DISCIPLINES, REVIEW MEANINGS AND ENHANCE THE IMPACT OF ONGOING RESEARCH

National Meeting partially funded by CONICET (2012): Archeology of the Formative Period in Argentina: A meeting to integrate areas and sub-disciplines, review meanings and enhance the impact of ongoing research. Tafí del Valle, Tucumán, April 2012. Responsibles: Alejandra Korstanje and Marisa Lazzari.

ENCOUNTER: ARCHEOLOGY OF THE FORMATIVE PERIOD IN ARGENTINA (TAFÍ DEL VALLE, TUCUMÁN)

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On April 11, 12 and 13, the “Archeology Meeting of the Formative Period in Argentina” took place at the Vacationers Club of Tafí del Valle. Archaeologists from Tucumán, Buenos Aires, Jujuy, Salta, Chaco, Córdoba and other provinces participated, during these 3 days, exposing their research, rescues and discoveries. The works were varied, depending on the study area of ​​each Researcher, but all were framed within the historical framework of the “Formative Period”.

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To illustrate what exactly this period consists of, we interviewed PhD. Alejandra Korstanje (IAM-ISES), Researcher at CONICET TUCUMAN, who explained to us that: The formative period is understood to be the moment in which societies settle down sedentary in a territory based on the production of their food (agriculture and livestock) and there is an emergence of technologies that were not known before (ceramics, metallurgy, more complex textiles).

The main objectives that motivated the Meeting were essentially two:

– To start a discussion of the Formative concept, to update the knowledge that exists about this period and to make a joint synthesis book.

– Prepare updated dissemination material, since educational manuals and existing brochures reproduce very old concepts and explanations about this period.

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During the course of the Meeting, different topics were discussed, such as the remains of domestic communities, archeology in different areas of La Rioja, Tucumán and other provinces, the way of life, practices, constructions, among others; all of them framed within the Formative Period. The event had an excellent organization, taking care of the details even in free moments. In addition to the researchers’ presentations, plenary sessions were held at the end of each day, where concepts were brought together, always in a climate of reflection, confrontation of ideas and facts, and in the spirit of dialogue and interpretation. During these debates, researchers met to discuss specific and technical issues, language, concepts, notions, etc. On the other hand, a meeting was held between the special guests to the Meeting, which was made up of the Communication team of CONICET TUCUMAN, representatives of the communities of Native Peoples of the Tafí and Mollar area, psychologists and doctors who worked in the Health system of Tafí del Valle and Rural Tourism Guides. From the dialogue between these people and non-specialized professionals in the specific area of ​​the meeting, various proposals emerged. Among them, the CONICET TUCUMAN Communication team suggested raising awareness about the work and the importance of the archaeologist’s work, so that society knows how to act in the case of finding material of historical value or a find that may be of relevance for a study to be carried out on said object or in the relevant area. It was made up of the Communication team of CONICET TUCUMAN, representatives of the communities of Native Peoples of the Tafí and Mollar area, Psychologists and doctors who worked in the Tafí del Valle Health System and Rural Tourism Guides. From the dialogue between these people and non-specialized professionals in the specific area of ​​the meeting, various proposals emerged. Among them, the CONICET TUCUMAN Communication team suggested raising awareness about the work and the importance of the archaeologist’s work, so that society knows how to act in the case of finding material of historical value or a find that may be of relevance for a study to be carried out on said object or in the relevant area. It was made up of the Communication team of CONICET TUCUMAN, representatives of the communities of Native Peoples of the Tafí and Mollar area, Psychologists and doctors who worked in the Tafí del Valle Health System and Rural Tourism Guides. From the dialogue between these people and non-specialized professionals in the specific area of ​​the meeting, various proposals emerged. Among them, the CONICET TUCUMAN Communication team suggested raising awareness about the work and importance of the archaeologist’s work, so that society knows how to act in the case of finding material of historical value or a finding that may be of relevance for a study to be carried out on said object or in the relevant area. representatives of the communities of Native Peoples of the Tafí and Mollar Zone, Psychologists and doctors who worked in the Tafí del Valle Health System and Rural Tourism Guides. From the dialogue between these people and non-specialized professionals in the specific area of ​​the meeting, various proposals emerged. Among them, the CONICET TUCUMAN Communication team suggested raising awareness about the work and the importance of the archaeologist’s work, so that society knows how to act in the case of finding material of historical value or a find that may be of relevance for a study to be carried out on said object or in the relevant area. representatives of the communities of Native Peoples of the Tafí and Mollar Zone, Psychologists and doctors who worked in the Tafí del Valle Health System and Rural Tourism Guides. From the dialogue between these people and non-specialized professionals in the specific area of ​​the meeting, various proposals emerged. Among them, the CONICET TUCUMAN Communication team suggested raising awareness about the work and the importance of the archaeologist’s work, so that society knows how to act in the case of finding material of historical value or a find that may be of relevance, for a study to be carried out on the object or in the relevant area.

Other proposals that arose were the production of a tourist brochure with updated data and dissemination language of all the places in Tafí del Valle or near the area that have historical or archaeological importance; and the creation of a Diaguita museum, managed by the members of the native peoples, where they themselves will speak about their culture and teach the customs that remain alive to this day.

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The meeting was very fruitful. A reflective discussion and dialogues were achieved that led to a consensus on the use of certain concepts and to propose guidelines on how to develop the book and the dissemination material, which will make up a concrete product of this meeting. Finally, on Saturday April 14, the organizing team offered an optional trip, where they visited different archaeological sites and places of Cultural and Natural interest in the Tafí Valley.

The meeting was organized by the Higher Institute of Social Studies (ISES) of CONICET-UNT, the University of Exeter and the Institute of Archeology and Museum (IAM) of the UNT. It also had the sponsorship of the Association of Professional Archaeologists of the Argentine Republic, the Tiempos Foundation, the Argentine Society of Anthropology and the Cultural Entity of Tucumán.