IDB PROJECT (2013): RESCUING A FORGOTTEN HERITAGE. CONSERVATION, RESEARCH, ENHANCEMENT AND DISSEMINATION OF TEXTILE ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE. THE COLLECTION OF ETHNOGRAPHIC TEXTILES OF THE INSTITUTE OF ARCHEOLOGY AND MUSEUM, FACULTY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF TUCUMÁN, ARGENTINE REPUBLIC . RESPONSIBLE: SARA MARÍA LUISA LÓPEZ CAMPENY.
Rescuing a forgotten heritage. Conservation, research, enhancement and dissemination of Textile Archaeological Heritage. The collection of ethnographic textiles of the Institute of Archeology and Museum, Faculty of Natural Sciences, National University of Tucumán, Argentine Republic.
Title of the original project awarded : Rescuing a forgotten heritage. Conservation, research, enhancement and dissemination of Textile Archaeological Heritage. The collection of torteros of the Provincial Museum of Santiago del Estero, Argentine Republic.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT:
The purpose of the project is to carry out a set of actions aimed at conservation and enhancement of a museum collection -relevant in terms of its heritage and documentary value- that is made up of a variety of ethnographic textile materials (more than 300 pieces), from different traditional communities in South America (Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina). This collection was formed during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as a result of the common practices of anthropology of the time, standing out among the main author of this collection the renowned anthropologist Alfred Métraux, who was the creator in 1928 and first director of the Institution that today houses the pieces. Through the implementation of these tasks, technical training of the Museum staff is carried out -in a dynamic and participatory way- in aspects focused on preventive conservation, in their role as agents in direct contact with heritage, which will soon be extended to university students of the Archeology and Museology careers of the National University of Tucumán, through the Dictation of Technical Workshops. In addition, scientific information will be obtained from the survey of the materials, which will allow to disseminate -to the local community and the general public- knowledge about ancestral practices of textile production. It is expected, in the longer term, that the database obtained will contribute to generate, support and / or strengthen actions aimed at the assessment and recovery of traditional knowledge, techniques and resources that can be integrated into the existing artisan practices in the different areas, and that stimulate creative strategies that tend to development (cultural, economic, productive), by producing improvements in the quality of life of the communities involved and in their economic income opportunities.
a) Specific results:
– General evaluation and diagnosis of the state of conservation and the storage conditions of the aforementioned textile collection, in order to establish the directives and guidelines to be followed in preventive conservation tasks.
– Acquisition of supplies (silica gel, distilled water, ethanol, dust covers, latex and cotton gloves, chinstraps, tyvek, scalpels, tweezers, trays, UV filters, cleaning brushes, etc.), equipment (digital meter, manual vacuum cleaner, etc. ) and furniture («planera» type furniture, with sliding drawers), for the reconditioning and storage of textile pieces, according to current preventive conservation guidelines, of the textile sample (see details in the final budget table).
Beginning of the tasks of reconditioning and surveying the textile material and updating the information currently available on said pieces in the current database of the IAM Museum.
– Design of a database to be published on the internet, with updated and revised information on reconditioned textile pieces.
b) General results:
– Improvement of the prevailing storage and conservation conditions in the ethnographic textiles set and initiation of tasks related to their reorganization, inventory and systematic survey.
– Technical update and training of Museum staff about criteria, guidelines, controls, conditions, materials, behavior and other important aspects linked to preventive maintenance of economic materials.
– Having up-to-date information on technical aspects and on the state of conservation of the materials that are being intervened allows the Institution to have better tools to control, guard and manage its collection more effectively. At the same time, the information generated during the survey makes it possible to enhance the study possibilities of the textile collection for other researchers who wish to access it.